The Enicar Watch Company was founded 1913 in La Chaux de Fonds Switzerland when Artiste Racine (Racine Watch Co.) spelled his name backwards and created a timeless brand that has been recognized for its high quality in over 90 years. When production of watches increased in 1914 mostly due to the successful export to Russia. Racine were among the first to use Radium in 1914 as a way to make his watch hands and dials readable in the dark.
Due to the fast success and the associated expansion of the firm in the mid 20's it was moved to Lengnau, here the firm started making their own movements instead of using ones from Adolphe Schild (AS). Racine focused this time on the production of both precise and robust military watches, which were soon recognized by civilian costumers under the name "sport".
From the mid-forties Enicar developed its first chronograph models. In the sixties and seventies they developed their own automatic movements and focused mainly on the sport watches.
One of their more successful models were the "Sherpa" (an analogy to unusually reliable and resilient local carriers of the expedition) and were named after the 1956 Swiss Himalayan expedition to Everest which relied on Enicar timepieces (more exact the expedition members were all wearing Enicar Seapearl watches) that could withstand the harsh climate of the mountain.
|1956 Swiss Himalayan expedition|
With the breakthrough of the Sherpa models, the Enicar company began their "golden years". 1957 Enicar made headlines as a chronometer (the Ultrasonic Sherpa) were attached to the helm of the ship Mayflower II, this voyage was an Atlantic crossing of 50 days and the watch survived without any mechanical problems or leakage.
Important developments and designs from Enicar would be the front line for the next 1 1/2 decades of watchmaking in the world. In the 1950ies Enicar had the slogan: "Precision time in space, on the earth and over the seas"
Some say that Enicar was the first watch ever to been taken to the top of Everest and not the Rolex Oyster that Sir Edmund Hillary worn on his expedition in 1953. Because of the expedition not being documented properly Enicar could not claim to be the first to the top and tried again with the team of 1956.
|1956 Swiss Himalayan expedition|
Enicar also produced other varied "sports models" models including Sherpa Ops for military use and the Sherpa Super Dive for diving.
|Enicar Sherpa OPS|
The Enicar Sherpa Dive was rated water resistant to 200 meters due to its patented back, which was equipped with a bayonet socket. The bezel was oil-embedded which guaranteed a long lifetime and watertight seal.
|Sherpa Diver 600 ad|
A very special watch was the Enicar ultrasonic Healthways 100 fathom. This watch was tested to withstand 100 fathoms, 600 feet or 180 meters and as the ad says "Can´t leak due to it´s unique design and construction....the greater the pressure, the more waterproof the watch becomes!". This watch is one of the most popular Enicar watches among collectors.
|Enicar ultrasonic Healthways 100 fathom|
The Enicar company struggled to survive when the electric watch boom of cheap Asian watch brands hit the market and finally went bankrupt in 1988.
This Enicar Star jewels is from the sixties and has a white colored dial with white illuminating hands. The second hand has an red dot that gives this watch a nice look.
|Enicar Star Jewels|
Enicar also made alarm watches like this one from the 40ies. Its a rare watch that i guess had a white dial from the beginning and uses an extra crown to set the alarm time. The second hand has a red arrow at the font and the alarm setting hand has a blue arrow. The case of the watch is in pretty bad shape and as you can see the crowns been worn down and are now missing the Enicar logo. I have never seen another model like the one I have.
|Enicar Ultrasonic Alarm|
|Indian "Butchered" Enicar|